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Algoma District Travelling Square


EDUCATIONAL LODGES - December 10, 1975





The travelling square was presented. on December 10, 1975, to Fort William Lodge No. 415 by Wor. Bro. Tom W. Wood, Worshipful Master of the Lodge, assisted by Rt. Wor. Bro. Borge Rudman, P.D.D.G.M.  The following lecture was given by V. Wor. Bro. W. E. Bryan.




One of the most useful sources of material for Masonic education is acquired through membership in an “Educational Lodge”.  It provides each individual mason with an opportunity to develop his own library of material for Masonic education at a very modest cost.  Two examples of this type of lodge are Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 of London, England, and, Educational Lodge No.1102 A.F. & A.M., Minnesota, U.S.A.




Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 was founded in 1884 by a group of nine brethren. Their first objective was to imbue brethren everywhere with a love for Masonic research, to read papers to the lodge and to publish them in the Lodge Transactions with the criticism and discussion that arose from them.  They also planned to maintain a first class Masonic library and to publish reprints and facsimiles of rare and valuable Masonic works manuscripts etc., so as to make them available to students all over the world.


For the name of the Lodge they chose the Quatuor Coronati, the “Four Crowned Martyrs” who had been the Patron Saints of the masons throughout Europe from about A.D. 400 to about 1600 and their Saints Day, 8th of November, was adopted as the date of the annual festival (Installation).


From the beginning, membership in the Lodge was to be by invitation extended only to brethren who had done distinguished work in Masonic study or in the arts, literature and science. The number of members was limited to 40.  The Lodge started with only 9 and. it has never at any one time had 40 members in the 91 years of its existence.  Today there are only 22 full members.




THE CORRESPONDENCE CIRCLE was founded soon after the lodge was consecrated and. for the Circle, membership is open to all master masons in good standing under Grand Lodges in amity with the United Grand Lodge of England. The Correspondence Circle also enrols lodges, chapters, study circles, Masonic libraries etc. and all other regular Masonic bodies are eligible to join.


Members of the Correspondence Circle enjoy all the privileges of full members except the right to hold office or to vote on lodge matters. They are heartily welcomed at meetings as associates of the lodge and receive the lodge summonses and the transactions as issued and may subscribe for any of the special publications of the lodge. Membership now numbers over 11,000. Membership in the Correspondence Circle entitles a member:


1. To attend the Q.C. Lodge meetings, six times a year, and to participate in the discussions that follow the lectures. Overseas Brethren are cordially welcomed.


2. To receive the “Educational” Lodge Summonses. Pages 3 and 4 are usually devoted to Masonic Notes and Queries of wide popular interest.


3. To receive, without further charge, the annual volume of the Lodge Transactions. It is a book of over 300 pages, containing the six main lectures of the year (with all the discuss ions that follow) and four or more “ready-made” simple Lectures for use in Lodges or Lodges of Instruction. The volume also contains a wide-ranging and interesting collection of Notes and Queries on all sorts of Masonic subjects.


4. To buy any of the other publications of the lodge, which are only available to members of the Lodge and the Correspondence Circle.


5. To submit, to the Secretary, any questions on Masonic history, customs, ritual, etc., and to receive sound authoritative replies, whenever possible.


Effective November 1st, 1974, a company was founded to undertake the administration of the Correspondence Circle.  It deals with all business aspects of the educational work hitherto under taken by the Lodge. The joining fee is ₤2 and the subscription for the annual volume of transaction is ₤4 for the standard volume and for the cloth bound volume.




In 1944 the Grand Lodge of Minnesota made possible the dispensation of subordinate lodges limited in their scope to research and. study. The function of the educational lodge is to study the wider significance of masonry, its history from remote antiquity, its origins and. development in various countries, its underlying symbolism, it’s essential teachings and its responsibilities. In brief, to study whatever may increase our understanding and appreciation of masonry in its deepest and. most fundamental meaning. Since 1945 Educational Lodge No. 1002 has published 88 papers, past issues of which are available while the supply lasts and future issues of which are sent to members periodically. In 1974 three papers were published;


No. 85 - Robert Burns, the Mason - May, 1974,


No. 86 - The Making of a Woman a Mason - September, 1974,


No. 87 - A Birds Eye View of Masonry Around, the World - November, 1974.


Membership in Educational Lodge is open to any Master Mason in good standing in a Blue Lodge which is recognized by the Grand Lodge of Minnesota. The annual membership fee is $2.00.


As an appendix to this lecture I have attached the following:


1. The form of application for membership in the Correspondence Circle of Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076.


2. A specimen copy of the summons to Quatuor Coronati Lodge.


3. A photocopy of the summary of papers published by Educational Lodge to December 31, 1974.


4. The representative of Quatuor Coronati Lodge is Brother John E. Taylor whose address is Box 39, Hilton Beach, Ontario.


5. The secretary of Educational Lodge is Wor. Bro. Herbert P. Bergstrom, Winslow Lewis 125, 2623 Roosevelt Avenue, N.E., Minneapolis, Minnesota 55413.



Application for Membership






Registered Office:—27 GREAT QUEEN STREET, LONDON WC2B 5


Reg. No. 1170204 (E Telephone: 01-405 7340


VAT No. 234 3345 84


Please enrol me as an Associate Member of the Correspondence Circle, entitling me to the Annual Volume of Transactions and the privileges of membership from the date of Election. I enclose remittance for the year ending 31st October, 19__ , made up as follows:


FOR THE STANDARD VOLUME                                    FOR THE CLOTH-BOUND VOLUME


£2.00   Joining Fee    £2.00                                       Joining Fee                £2.00

£4.00   Subscription                                                  (Cloth-bound Vol.) £5.00

Total                           £6.00                                       Total                           £7.00


(Please tick whichever is applicable.)

(PLEASE NOTE: RENEWAL Subscription will be due on 1st November, following.)


Name in Full (           Surname                                            First Names

(Block Letters)


Name of Your Lodge (Block Letters)                    Number         Constitution


Location of Lodge (Town and County)


Your Postal Address

(Block Letters)


Signature                                                                               Craft Masonic Rank


Signature of Sponsor

(No Seconder is needed)

Sponsor may be Secretary or W.M. of Applicant’s Lodge or member of Q.C. Lodge or Correspondence Circle.

Joining Fee

Subscription (Standard Vol.)

Date 19 Remittances to be made payable to the order of “Q.C. Correspondence Circle Limited”




Quatuor Coronati Lodge, 2076


Bro. ROY A. WELLS, P.A.G.St.B.,



27, Great Queen Street,

London, WC213 51113

Tel.: 01-405 7340




You are desired to attend the duties of the Lodge at Freemasons’ Hall, Great Queen Street, W.C.2, on Thursday the 12th of September, 1974 at 5 o’clock p.m. precisely.


By command of the W.M.,


                                                                                                CYRIL N. BATHAM, P.M.



Dark Suit, Apron and White Gloves.                                                                    (See over)



A particular welcome is extended to members of the Correspondence Circle, and to Master Mason members of Lodges in the Correspondence Circle, who are all cordially invited to make the fullest use of their association with the Lodge.


The next meeting in 1974:  Friday, 8 November (Installation)




Q.        I have noticed that in some Lodge rooms the Master and Wardens each have a gavel but in some others they are supplied with a maul instead. Will you please explain the difference, if any, and whether there is a Masonic significance?


A.        The purpose of the gavel, not only in Freemasonry but generally, is to command silence during the conduct of a meeting.  We have an excellent Masonic reference on this point in Grand Lodge Minutes for 6 April 1736:


His Worship then proceeded to the Second Law to be proposed Viz.  That at the third stroke of the Grand Master or his Deputy’s Mallet (always to be repeated by the Grand Wardens) there should be a strict and general Silence which if any Member should presume to break till leave be given from the Chair, he shall be immediately named or at least pointed out by one of the Grand Officers and shall be called up to the Chair and suffer a Public Reprimand from the Grand Master or his Deputy.


When Dr. Anderson recorded that item in his 2nd Edition of the Book of Constitutions, dated 1738, he used the word ‘Hammer’ in place of ‘Mallet’.  In The Grand Mystery Laid Open (1726), Hammer is mentioned in the following manner:


What are the tools requisite for a Freemason?


The Hammer and Trowel the one to separate [sic] the other to join.


In German Lodges the Gavel is referred to as ‘the Hammer’.


A Gavel is wedge-shaped and is used for rough shaping and rough dressing stone and in that form it is a stonemason’s hammer.  In Freemasonry it is represented as a disciplinary tool and a constant symbol to remind Brethren to attend to decorous behaviour and thus to knock off all superfluous knobs and excrescences.


The Maul is used for gentler work that has to be of an exact nature.  It may be bell or barrel-shaped and is employed for light tapping of a chisel enabling the craftsman to further smooth and prepare the stone.  One of its uses is for the placing of setting of prepared stone in proper position and then it is properly called a ‘setting Maul’.  Reference to it in this sense appeared in Masonry Dissected (1730):


What did the Ruffians kill him with?


A Setting Maul, Setting tool; and Setting Beadle.


The spelling of the word “Beadle” here was a variation for ‘Beetle’ which was another name for the Maul.


On his Installation the Master is handed a Gavel by the Installing Master who informs him that it is an emblem to preserve order, especially in the East.  In like manner the new Master places a Gavel in the hands of each Warden stating that it is an emblem of power that will enable them to assist him in preserving order especially in their respective stations.  The use of that tool is specific and it would seem to me to be inappropriate to hand over a Maul which is employed in vastly different circumstances in another part of Masonic ceremonial.


The ideal furnishing in Lodge is for Master and Wardens to be supplied with Gavels for the general conduct of affairs and for a Maul to be at the Master’s pedestal as an additional tool if a ceremony so requires its use.


R. A. Wills


Presented by V.W. Bro. W.E. Bryan